Winter

Winter Weather February 12th-13th

Winter Survival Kit for Your Car

Everyone Should Carry a Winter Survival Kit in their car.  In an Emergency, It could save your life and the lives of your passengers.  Here is what you need:

  • A Shovel
  • A Windshield Scraper and Small Broom
  • Flashlight with Extra Batteries
  • Battery Powered Radio
  • Water
  • Snack Food including Energy Bars
  • Raisins and Mini Candy Bars
  • Matches and Small Candles
  • Extra Hats, Socks and Mittens
  • First Aid Kit with Pocket Knife
  • Necessary Medications
  • Blankets or Sleeping Bag
  • Tow Chain or Rope
  • Road Salt, Sand, or Cat Litter (for traction)
  • Booster Cables
  • Emergency Flares and Reflectors
  • Fluorescent Distress Flag and Whistle to Attract Attention
  • Cell Phone Adapter to Plug into Lighter

Kit Tips:

  • Reverse Batteries in Flashlight to avoid accidental switching and burnout.
  • Store Items in the Passenger Compartment in case the Trunk is jammed or Frozen Shut.
  • Choose Small Packages of Food that you can eat Hot or Cold.

911 Tips:

  • If Possible, call 911 on your cell phone.  Provide your Location, Condition of Everyone in the Vehicle and the Problem you’re experiencing.
  • Follow Instructions; You may be told to stay where you are until help arrives.
  • Do Not Hang Up until you know who you have spoken with and what will happen next.
  • If you must leave the vehicle, write down your name, address, phone number and destination.  Place the piece of paper inside the front windshield for someone to see.

 

Survival Tips:

  • Prepare your vehicle; Make sure you keep your Gas Tank at least Half Full.
  • Be easy to find: Tell Someone where you are going and the route you will take.
  • If Stuck, Tie a fluorescent flag (from your kit) on your antenna or hang it out the window.
  • At night, keep your dome light on.  Rescue Crews can see a small glow at a distance.
  • To reduce battery drain, use emergency flashers only if your hear approaching vehicles.
  • If you are with someone else, make sure at least one person is awake and keeping watch at all times.
  • Stay in your vehicle.  Walking in a storm can be very dangerous.  You might become lost or exhausted.  Your vehicle is good shelter.
  • Avoid Overexertion: Shoveling snow or pushing your car takes a lot of effort in storm conditions.  Don’t risk a heart attack or injury.  That work can also make you hot and sweaty.  Wet clothing loses insulation value, making you more susceptible to hypothermia.
  • Fresh Air:  It’s better to be cold and awake than comfortably warm and sleepy.  Snow can plug your vehicle’s exhaust system and cause deadly carbon monoxide gas to enter your car.  Only run the engine for 10 minutes an hour and make sure the exhaust pipe is free of snow.  Keeping a window open a crack while running the engine is also a good idea.
  • Don’t expect to be comfortable: You want to survive until you are found.

 

Winter Survival Kit for Your Home

 

East Tennessee may not experience the harsh winters that other regions of the United States do; however, Carter County is no stranger to severe winter ice storms.

The extreme cold temperatures of winter ice storms make staying warm and safe a challenge. Here is how to create a winter survival kit for your home to help you and your family survive the cold grasp of winter.

The Essentials

  • Food: Food that requires no cooking or refrigeration such as bread, crackers, cereal, canned foods, and dried fruits. Remember baby food and formula if you have young children.
  • Water: In case water pipes freeze or rupture, keep a supply of tap water or purchase bottled water. The recommended amount of water to keep is 5 gallons per person.
  • Medicines: Roads may be inaccessible for several days due to the storm. Make sure to order or refill any prescriptions that family members may need.
  • Identification: Make sure to keep forms of identification with you such as social security card, passport, photo ID, and driver’s license. In addition, make sure to have bank account information, and insurance policies.

Emergency Materials

  • Alternate methods to heat your home:
    • Dry firewood for a fireplace or wood stove
    • Kerosene for a kerosene heater
    • Furnace fuel (coal, propane, or oil)
    • Electric space heater with automatic shut-off switch and non-glowing elements
  • Blankets
  • Matches
  • First Aid Kit and instruction manual
  • Multipurpose, dry-chemical fire extinguisher
  • Flashlight
  • Battery-powered radio, clock/watch
  • Extra batteries
  • Shovel
  • Rock salt
  • Non-electric can opener

When creating a winter survival kit for your home, take into consideration factors that are specific to your home and family. For instance if your home is isolated or on the outskirts of a residential area, making it more difficult for help to reach you, make sure to stock additional amounts of food, water, and medicine. Listening to weather forecasts regularly can provide you with several days’ notice to allow you to check emergency materials and to stock-up on essential supplies.